The oral administration of zinc sulfate in increasing the mass of pancreatic β cell and reducing the level of fasting blood glucose and glycated albumin in male wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) with diabetes mellitus

  • Silvia Irani Master Program in Biomedical Sciences Study Program Specificity of Anti-Aging Postgraduate Program Universitas Udayana Denpasar
  • Anak Agung Gede Budhiarta Endocrinology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Udayana/Sanglah General Hospital
  • I Gusti Made Aman Departement of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Bali

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a degenerative disease that can accelerate the aging process. Zinc is a mineral that has antioxidant potential that can increase the cell growth and it also protects pancreatic β cell mass from cell death during diabetes. This study aimed to prove that oral administration of zinc sulfate could increase the pancreatic β cells mass and decrease the level of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and glycated albumin (GA) in male Wistar rats with DM.


Methods: This research employed a pure experimental research with post test only control group design by using 36 male Wistar rats. The placebo group that administered with 1 cc of aquadest and the group of zinc that administered by oral zinc sulfate of 100 mg/kgBW in which had been dissolved with 1 cc of aquadest. The assessment of pancreatic β cell mass and FBG levels and glycated albumin were carried out after 30 days of treatment.


Results: The analysis by using the Shapiro-Wilk test was distributed normally. The result of Laven’s test indicated that the distribution of data and variants of the groups were homogeneous. The comparative results of the two groups using an independent t-test, there were significant differences between both groups on the mass of pancreatic β cell and the level of fasting blood glucose and glycated albumin (p <0.05).


Conclusion: The oral administration of zinc sulfate can increase the pancreatic β cell mass and decrease the level of FBG and glycated albumin in male Wistar rats with DM.

Author Biographies

Silvia Irani, Master Program in Biomedical Sciences Study Program Specificity of Anti-Aging Postgraduate Program Universitas Udayana Denpasar

Master Program in Biomedical Sciences Study Program Specificity of Anti-Aging Postgraduate Program Universitas Udayana Denpasar

Anak Agung Gede Budhiarta, Endocrinology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Udayana/Sanglah General Hospital

Endocrinology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas

Udayana/Sanglah General Hospital

I Gusti Made Aman, Departement of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Bali

Departement of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Bali

Published
2021-12-01
How to Cite
IRANI, Silvia; BUDHIARTA, Anak Agung Gede; AMAN, I Gusti Made. The oral administration of zinc sulfate in increasing the mass of pancreatic β cell and reducing the level of fasting blood glucose and glycated albumin in male wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) with diabetes mellitus. IJAAM (Indonesian Journal of Anti-Aging Medicine), [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 93-97, dec. 2021. ISSN 2615-5079. Available at: <https://ijaam-unud.org/ojs/index.php/ijaam/article/view/82>. Date accessed: 17 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.36675/ijaam.v5i2.82.